Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh

Dev Bhumi or Land of gods

Himachal Pradesh is located in the northern region of India. The state is surrounded by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and the south-west, Haryana on the south, Uttar Pradesh on the south-east and China on the east.

History of Himachal Pradesh

About 2 million years ago man lived in the foothills of Himachal Pradesh, viz in the Bangana valley of Kangra, Sirsa valley of Nalagarh and Markanda valley of Sirmour. The foothills of the state were inhabited by people from Indus valley civilization which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C.

People of Indus valley civilization pushed the original inhabitants of Ganga plains who were known as Kolorian people towards north. They moved to the hills of Himachal Pradesh where they could live peacefully and preserve their way of life. In the Vedas they have been referred to as Dasas, Dasyus and Nishadas while in later works they have been called Kinnars, Nagas and Yakshas. The Kols or Mundas are believed to be the original migrants to the hills of present day Himachal.

How to Reach

VIA AIR : Although being a major tourist destination in India, air connectivity to this state is not as robust and reliable as other stations in the country. Jubbarhatti Airport in Kullu, Bhuntar Airport in Shimla and Gaggal Airport in Kangra, connect by flights to major Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Chandigarh. Taxis and cabs provide easy connectivity from these airports to within the state.

VIA TRAIN : Being a mountainous area, surrounded by lofty hills, there are no major railway tracks anywhere within the state. For tourists opting for railway travel, the best option to reach Himachal is the Kalka Railway Station, located approximately 90 kilometers away from Shimla. From here, you either have the choice of travelling by road or ride the famous toy train (A UNESCO World Heritage) into the picturesque hilly regions of this amazing destination.

VIA ROAD : Any lack in Train or air connectivity is more than compensated by roads which link to all major cities across India. The roads are tough and reliable. Besides there are affordable bus services organized by the State Government that also connect well to other important cities like Kashmir, Delhi, Haryana and Chandigarh.

Places to Visit

The queen of hills and the capital of Himachal Pradesh Set amidst spectacular hills and seeped in an aura of colonial charm, Shimla is the most popular hiss station in Himachal Pradesh.


The second most popular hill station in Himachal. Enjoy the snow, mountains and the rivers magnificent views everywhere.


The nearest hill station from the plains, famous destination of artists and for quick trips. Many painters and writers have made this place popular by having their second homes here.